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In Islam, shirk  is the sin of practicing idolatry or polytheism, i.e. the deification or worship of anyone or anything other than the singular God, i.e. Allah. Literally, it means ascribing or the establishment of “partners” placed beside God. It is the vice that is opposed to the virtue of Tawhid (monotheism). Those who practice shirk are termed mushrikun.

Within Islam, shirk is an unforgivable crime if it remains unpardoned before death: Allah may forgive any sin if one dies in that state except for committing shirk.

The word širk comes from the Arabic root Š-R-K (ش ر ك), with the general meaning of “to share”. In the context of the Quran, the particular sense of “sharing as an equal partner” is usually understood, so that polytheism means “attributing a partner to Allah”. In the Qur’an, shirk and the related word mušrikūn (مشركون)—those who commit shirk and plot against Islam—often refer to the enemies of Islam (as in verse 9.1–15).

Islamic commentators on the Quran have emphasized that pre-Islamic Arabic idolatry made a number of godlings (most memorably the three goddesses al-Manāt, al-lāt and ʻUzzā) equal associates of Allah (as the Qur’an discusses in the 53rd surat) and the word mushrikūn (singular: mushrik) is often translated into English as “polytheists”.

The Quran and what the people of Nuh’s community would say in an effort by the idolaters to ignore and mock Nuh. “They (idolaters) have said: “You shall not leave your gods nor shall you leave Wadd, nor Suwa’, nor Yaghuth, nor Ya’uq nor Nasr.” (Qur’an 71:23)

Other forms of shirk include the worship of wealth and other material objects. This is pointed out in the Qur’an in one of the stories of the Children of Israel, when they took a calf made of gold for worship,and for which Moses ordered them to repent.

Another form of shirk mentioned in the Qur’an is to take scholars of religion, monks, divines, or religious lawyers as Lord(s) in practice by following their doctrines, and/or by following their rulings on what is lawful when it is at variance to the law or doctrines prescribed by Allah’s revelation.

Azhar Niaz Article's Source: http://islamicus.org/shirk/
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  • writerPosted On: August 8, 2017
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