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TANZIMAT

TANZIMAT. The Turkish term Tanzimat ("regulation") denotes a period of social and political reform that transformed the Ottoman Empire by integrating into it institutions deliberately copied from those of western Europe. The period is generally agreed to begin with the proclamation of the quasi-constitutional Charter of Giilhane in 1839, but its terminal date is harder to determine. Its impetus was halted in 1877 by Sultan Abdiilhamid II's suspension of the Ottoman Constitution of 1876, but the ...more

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