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HUDUD. Classical Islamic law divides the punishment for crimes into two categories: hudud (sg., hadd; lit., "limit" or "prohibitions") are mandatory punishments imposed for crimes against God, and ta`zir ("deterrence") are punishments at the discretion of the qad i (judge). The traditional crimes for which hudud punishments are imposed are those against morality (adultery, fornication, and false allegations of adultery), property (theft and highway robbery), and a residual group involving apo ...more

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