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DHIMMI. In Islamic law one who is in the covenant of protection (dhimmah) with the Muslim power is considered dhimmi. In principle, the covenant could be made between Islam and any population of a non-Muslim country conquered by Muslim forces. But in the usual meaning and practice the covenant was made only with scriptuaries, ahl al-kitab ("people of the book"). Besides Jews, Christians, and Sabaeans, the category of ahl al-kitab was often extended to cover Zoroastrians, someti ...more

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