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A populist movement of Lebanese Shi'i Muslims that first emerged in 1975, Amal has become an important political force in Lebanon. Political Mobilization of the Shi`ah. Against a background of social exclusion and economic deprivation, the Shi`ah of Lebanon have emerged as major political actors on the Lebanese scene. Well into the twentieth century, the Shi'ah were only bit players in Lebanon. They were unnoticed by other Lebanese, given scant attention by scholars, and pres ...more

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