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SHAYKHIYAH. A branch of Twelver Shiism, Shaykhiyah is named after Shaykh Ahmad al-Ahsa'Y (1753-1826), a theologian born in Bahrain. Ahsa'f had a predisposition for mystical experiences and spiritual visions. He spent fifteen years in Iran, where he won the esteem of many believers, including the Qajar ruler Fath 'Ali Shah. But Ahsa'i was eventually anathematized by some `ulamd' (religious scholars) because of his doctrine on the resurrection. He was obliged to retire in Mecca, far from any Shi'i ...more

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