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SELJUK DYNASTY

SELJUK DYNASTY. A Turkish family of Central Asian origin which ruled much of the eastern Islamic world beginning in the mid-eleventh century, the Seljuks (or Saljuqs, 1038-1194) were converted to Islam in the late tenth century, probably by traveling Sufi missionaries, while still living by the Jaxartes River, on the borders of the ddr al-Islam (Muslim lands). They and their followers were hired as mercenaries by the Samanid and Kara-Khanid rulers of Transoxiana, and then moved into the eastern ...more

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