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REPUBLIC. The political label of "republic" or aljumhuriyah is one without great apparent controversy in the Islamic world. The reason for this is twofold. First, although the term might be assumed to be a Western or an alien one, as is "democracy" (dimuqratiyah), its root meaning in fact exists in Arabic. Lane's Arabic-English Lexicon (1865) defines jumhur as "the generality, or main part, of men or people; the eminent, elevated or noble of them, i.e. the majority and the most eminent of them." ...more

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