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SHI`I ISLAM. [This entry comprises two articles. The first provides a historical overview of the Shi `ah, the partisans of 'Ali; the second traces the development of Shi thought in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.] Historical Overview The term shi`ah literally means followers, party, group, associate, partisan, or supporters. Expressing these meanings, shi hh occurs a number of times in the Qur'an, for example, surahs 19.69, 28.15, and 37.83. Technically the term re ...more

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