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QADI Throughout Islamic history authority to judge cases between Muslims under the shari `ah was vested in the post of qadi, the single judge of the mahkamah court. Unlike jurisprudents (fuqaha'), qadis did not delve into the sources of the share `ah but referred to recognized law books on subjects considered to fall under religiously sanctioned law. Although the qadi's jurisdiction was fairly general, certain areas such as serious criminal offenses often came instead under the secular jurisdict ...more

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