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JIZYAH. A word meaning recompense, compensation, or requital, as in the Qur'dn: "Fight those who believe not in Allah, nor the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which has been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the Religion of Truth from those who have been given the Book-until they pay the jizyah by hand and are subdued" (9.29). In Islamic history jizyah has most commonly referred to a head tax, levied on non-Muslim dhimmis (protected monotheists under a contract of obligatio ...more

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