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SIBACI, MUSTAFA AL

SIBACI, MUSTAFA AL- (1915-1964), Syrian political thinker, educator, and founder of the Muslim Brotherhood in Syria. Born in Homs, al-Siba'i came from a prominent family of `ulama'. His father's nurturance of him in Islamic learning included a strong sense of political activism that later put him on a collision course with the authorities of the French mandate. When al-Siba'i was eighteen years old, he traveled to Egypt, a country that would have a profound impact on his intellectual developm ...more

MARAGHI, MUSTAFA AL

MARAGHI, MUSTAFA AL- (1881-1945), Egyptian reformist and rector of al-Azhar (1928-1929 and 1935-1945) Shaykh Mustafa al-Maraghi is the link between the reforms of his mentor Muhammad `Abduh and such subsequent leaders of al-Azhar as Mustafa `Abd al-Raziq, `Abd al-Halim Mahmfid, and Mahmfid Shaltut; the last, his professed disciple, later transformed al-Azhar by compromising with the secular nationalist regime of Gamal Abdel Nasser. [caption id="attachment_2370" align="alignleft" width="448"] ...more

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