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HUMAN RIGHTS. The term "human rights," or huquq al-insan in Arabic, has only recently come into common use, as have the analogous terms huquq-i insan in Persian and insan hukuklart in Turkish. Early Reception. Concepts analogous to human rights have certain precursors in the Islamic heritage of philosophy and theology, but human rights lack precise equivalents in medieval figh (jurisprudence). In figh the category hagq al-`abd, the right of the individual Muslim, was used to distinguish cases ...more

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