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MURIDIYAH. The best known of the Sufi brotherhoods in Senegal, both within and outside of the country, is the Murldiyah. Its name comes from murid, the postulant who seeks the path to spiritual knowledge. The word was already in use when the French and the followers of the founder of the order, Amadu Bamba M'Backe, came into conflict in the 1890s in western Senegal. Amadu Bamba (c. 1850-1927) was born into a family of itinerant scholars who moved through the Wolof kingdoms of Baol, Cayor, and J ...more

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