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MECELLE. The Arabic term majallah originally meant a book containing wisdom or, by extension, any kind of writing; its Turkish derivative mecelle refers more specifically to the civil code in force in the Ottoman Empire from AH 1285/1869 CE onward. The Mecelle-1 Ahkam-i Adliye, to cite the work's full title, covers contracts, torts, and some principles of civil procedure. The Mecelle was important for numerous reasons. Derived from Hanafi jurisprudence, the code incorporated not always the op ...more

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