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A term derived from the name of the cousin and son-in-law of the prophet Muhammad, `Ali ibn Abi Talib (d. 661), `Alawiyah was applied originally to those who supported `Ali's exclusive right to lead the Muslim community after the death of the Prophet in 632. The tenth-century Shi`i writer al-Nawbakht-1 called them al-Shi'ah al-`Alawiyah in his Firaq al-Shi `ah (The Shi'ah Sects, Najaf, 1969, p. 66). These Shi'i (Partisans of `Ali) were also called `Alawiyun. According to a Shi`i source, the Prop ...more

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