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ISMAILIYAH. The Shi movement called the Isma'iliyah, with a number of widely differing subsects, deeply influenced Islamic intellectual life in the tenth through thirteenth centuries. It is quite separate from the majority sect of Shi-I Muslims, the Twelvers or Imamis. The origins and early history of the Isma'I1lyah are obscure. Following the death in 765 CE of the sixth Shl'! imam, Ja`far al-Sadiq, some of his followers insisted that his son Isma`Il, whom Ja'far had named his successor but ...more

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