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IJTIHAD. In general usage, the Arabic word ijtihad denotes the utmost effort, physical or mental, expended in a particular activity. In its technical legal connotation, it denotes the thorough exertion of the jurist's mental faculty in finding a solution for a case of law. During the first century of the Hijrah (seventh century CE), when religious law was still being elaborated, and when the secular administrative and customary practices had not yet become integrated with the religious legal sys ...more

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