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FARD AL-KIFAYAH. In Muslim legal doctrine the fard al-kifayah (lit., "duty of the sufficiency") defines a communal responsibility. According to this doctrine, within a community of Muslims, if some religious obligation belonging to the category of fard al-kifayah is not fulfilled, the whole have collectively sinned. If a sufficient number of the community undertake the duty, however, the responsibility on the community is discharged; for example, it is necessary that at least one Muslim recite t ...more

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