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COSMOLOGY. In Islamic cosmology, the cosmos or the universe (al-`alam) is defined generally as "everything other than God." This definition, universally accepted in Islam, has its basis in the Qur'an. It is emphasized repeatedly in the Qur'an that God is "lord of all the worlds" and that to God belongs "everything in the heavens and the earth" and "what is in between." The sum total of "everything other than God," which constitutes the entire Muslim cosmos, is identified with what the Qur'an ref ...more

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