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BUNYAD. Dehkhoda's Dictionary of Persian Vocabularies defines the term bunyad as "base, root, origin, and foundation." In this article, bunyad refers to a certain type of grassroots, putatively nonprofit institutions that were organized for particular purposes after the Iranian Revolution in 1979. A few bunyads antedated the revolution but never acquired the immense size or social significance that post revolutionary bunyads accumulated. Although all claim nonprofit status, some certainly make m ...more

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