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BASMACHIS. The term "Basmachi" was applied by Russians to opponents of the Bolsheviks who were active in Central Asia between the Russian Revolution and the early 1930s. This name-as the character of the movement-parallels the case of the Mujahidin forces opposing the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in the 1980s, whom the Russians referred to by the Persian word dushman, meaning "enemy"; "Basmachi" is similarly a pejorative term, meaning "bandit." Like the Afghan "Dushmany," those whom the Bolshe ...more

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